The programme is offered by the Chairs of Jewish Studies, Ancient Religions, Islamic Studies, Orthodox Christianity, and by the Chair of Protestant Theology and Culture History of Christianity, cooperating with the Faculty for Theology, Literary Studies, Sociology, and the Department of History. At the start of the programme, students choose one religious tradition they wish to specialise on. Students can choose the following domains for their specialisation:


Religions of Antiquity

Special emphasis is given to common traits of and conflicts between the religious traditions and groups of the ancient Mediterranean and the provinces of the Roman empire (Greek and Roman religion, mystery cults, Judaism, Early Christianity).


Jewish Studies

The Chair for Jewish Studies at Erfurt University was founded in 1999 as the first and only research and teaching center in Jewish History and Culture in the federal state of Thuringia. Integrated in a broad scope of degrees on the BA, MA and postgraduate level the Erfurt Chair for Jewish Studies provides broad scale introductory courses to the history, culture, and religion of Rabbinic Judaism dating from late antiquity to present time. Additionally, in advanced seminars and lectures specific emphasis is put on the evolution of Jewish religious traditions with a specific focus on the European Jewish developments, concentrating on the social and cultural interaction with the non-Jewish world as well as on the inner-Jewish history of various social, political and religious aspects. Topics vary from the history of Jewish social organisations and institutions, Jewish religious thinking and philosophy to other general topics of the social and cultural history of European Judaism from Medieval times until today.


Islamic Studies

Muslims in Europe and Indian sub-continent share an important common destiny, not only in that they belong to the same religious community, but also that they both are minorities in their respective regions. Their minority status, however, does not confine them to an insignificant or marginal position, since both communities play vital roles in their societies. As such, reaching a better understanding of these cultures is necessary, especially in the European context, not only to properly assess their role and significance within their regions, but also in order to integrate them into the larger social and political networks of their societies. The Chair of Islamic Studies at the University of Erfurt is dedicated to understand this process.


Orthodox Christianity

The Chair of Orthodox Christianity deals from a cultural-historical perspective with all aspects pertaining to the various Orthodox Churches in Eastern and South Eastern Europe, as well as in the Diaspora. In the MA-Programme particular emphasis is put upon the historical interactions among local churches, their relations to Western Christianity, and their development in the present global age. The MA-Programme is complemented with the study of various languages appropriate for Orthodox Christian cultures. All this is to enable a better understanding of Orthodox Christianity, its religious and cultural idiosyncrasy, as well as its enhanced significance in recent years.


Protestant Theology and Cultural History of Christianity

The chair of Protestant Theology and Cultural History of Christianity emphasises on the doctrines and lives of protestant Christianity. Protestant theologians study the individual and cultural orientation marks of Christianity in past and present. The main focus lies on the interweaving of Christianity and culture throughout modernity. Reflections center on the culture-determinative moment of Christianity as well as on the powers which formed Christian culture, leading to the questions of how this interaction influenced the self-conception of protestant theology.